"Patently Absurd"! Fr. Kramer cites "Liberalism is a Sin" by Fr. Sarda to Prove that Catholics Can Actually Use Their God-given Minds to Judge Whether a Man is a Heretic Or Not. Wait 50 Years for a Catholic Pope? If You Cannot Judge, How would we know that that future Pope IS Catholic?
Dr. Chojnowski: We cite from Fr. Paul Kramer's To Deceive the Elect: The Catholic Doctrine on the Question of a Heretical Pope, Vol. 1 (Fort Collins, CO: Gondolin Institute, 2019), pp. 43-45.
"All the canons, and teachings against privately judging superiors and prelates do not refer to judgments of conscience, such as the judgment concerning the manifest heresy of one's superior, when it can be known with certitude, but rather, they prohibit judgments that require jurisdiction; and explain that private individuals do not possess the requisite jurisdiction for rendering an official judgment, and therefore they man not presume to judge their superiors juridically, and depose them with force of law. However, the right of conscience to judge privately as a matter of conscience in such cases as that of manifest heresy pertains to the divine law [emphasis mine.], since such judgments of conscience are sometimes necessary for salvation; and such a right is acknowledged in Canon Law: Can. 748 para. 1. All persons are bound to seek the truth in those things which regard God and His Church and by virtue of divine law are bound by the obligation and possess the right of embracing and observing the truth which they have come to know.' Indeed, [John] Salza and [Robert] Siscoe's objection that making such a judgment is forbidden to the private individual who must wait for the public judgment of the Church, and that asserting this right it is an exercise of the Protestant principle of Private Judgment is not only false, but it effectively nullifies the rule of faith which safeguards the conscience of the individual [emphasis mine.]
Dr. Chojnowski: Fr. Kramer cites Fr. Felix Sarda y Salvany in the classic, Liberalism is a Sin, to prove his point:
'Of what use would be the rule of faith and morals, if in every particular case the faithful cannot of themselves make the immediate application; if they were constantly obliged to consult the Pope or the diocesan pastor? Just as the general rule of morality is the law, in accordance with which each one squares his own conscience...in making particular applications of this general rule, subject to correction if erroneous; so the general rule of faith, which is the infallible authority of the Church, is and ought to be in consonance with every particular judgment formed in making concrete applications, subject of course to correction and retraction in the event of mistake in so applying it. It would be rendering the superior role of faith useless, absurd and impossible to require the supreme authority of the Church to make its special and immediate application in every case upon every occasion, which calls it forth. This would be a species of brutal and satanic Jansenism [emphasis mine], like that of the followers of the unhappy Bishop of Ypres, when thy exacted, for the reception of the sacraments, such dispositions as would make it impossible for men to profit by that which was plainly intended and instituted for them by Jesus Christ Himself.' [Fr. Felix Sarda y Salvany, Liberalism is a Sin, p. 154]"
[Fr. Kramer continues his commentary] "The opinion that only the Church authorities are able to judge in matters of heresy, and that a we cannot know if someone is a heretic by the application of human reason without the a pronouncement of Church authority, is patently absurd, since it is by the application of human reason to the matters of faith ecclesiastical judges reach their conclusions in heresy cases and pronounce judgement....Like the errant canon who falsely accused Don Sarda of doctrinal error for expressing such opinions including the one I have just quoted Salza & Siscoe have accused me of asserting the Protestant doctrine of Private Judgment for my having upheld the very same teaching, to wit, the Catholic Doctrine that the faithful have the right in conscience to judge in matters of faith according to reason against heretics who masquerade as Catholics, yet, in the ruling of the Sacred Congregation of the Index, pronounced during the reign of Pope Leo XIII, the magisterial authority of the Church not only approved this opinion which I advocate, (but which Salza & Siscoe condemn), but the Sacred Congregation even singled out for praise the author who advocated the opinion."
NOW SIT DOWN AND THINK!